In 377 children, the commercially available Siregnost FD-5 was used to measure respiratory system resistance (Rrs) by forced oscillation at 10 Hz. The children were between 3 and 18 years of age and, by a detailed questionnaire and conventional pulmonary function testing in 335, they were shown to be representative of the normal pediatric population. There was a linear relationship between Rrs and height (Rrs = 13.9-0.064 x ht (cm), r = -0.87). Children less than 6 years of age had no trouble with using the forced oscillation technique. The smoking of tobacco in the house, the presence of carpets in the child's bedroom, or an atopic family history, alone or in combination, had no influence on Rrs or on any spirometric measure. Forced oscillation is useful in children too young to be able to cooperate with conventional pulmonary function testing.