Analysis of 105 patients admitted over a 2-year period to a modern burns unit in Saudi Arabia

Burns. 1991 Feb;17(1):62-4. doi: 10.1016/0305-4179(91)90015-9.


This is an epidemiological survey of 105 burned patients treated between May 1986 and May 1988 in a modern Burns Unit in Saudi Arabia. Hospitalization time ranged from 1 to 100 days with a mean of 17 days. The mean age of the patients was 9 years. Sixty (57 per cent) of the patients were males and 45 (43 per cent) were females. The main causes of injury were hot liquids (57.7 per cent) and fire (33 per cent). The mean extent of injury was 19 per cent TBSA. Burns covered less than 40 per cent TBSA in 91 out of 105 patients (87 per cent). Deep burns did not exceed 100 units of burned skin in 48 out of 55 patients (87 per cent). Urgent escharotomy was done in 14 patients. Early excision and skin grafting was carried out in 34 patients. Complications included six cases (5.7 per cent) with septicaemia, one (0.9 per cent) with disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, three (2.9 per cent) with amputation and one (0.9 per cent) with stress gastric ulcer. Seven patients discharged themselves against medical advice. Five patients died. The favourable results in this series were attributed mainly to the low severity of burns and partially to the short delay between injury and admission, early surgery and remarkably good facilities. Childhood scalds in this region of the world could possibly be reduced by changing the family habit of having tea at floor level and recommending wide-based tea-pots.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Burn Units / statistics & numerical data*
  • Burns / epidemiology*
  • Burns / surgery
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Patient Admission / statistics & numerical data
  • Saudi Arabia / epidemiology