Detection of frequent p53 gene mutations in primary gastric cancer by cell sorting and polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis

Cancer Res. 1991 Jun 1;51(11):3056-8.


Mutations of the p53 gene were investigated after tumor cell enrichment by cell sorting based on differences in DNA content and polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis in 24 surgical specimens of primary gastric cancer. p53 mutations were detected in exons 4-8 in 64% (9 of 14) of aneuploid tumors but in none of 10 diploid tumors examined. Four of five tumors containing two or three aneuploid subpopulations showed the presence of p53 gene mutations. No correlation was found between the presence of p53 mutations and the degree of histological differentiation of tumors. These findings suggest that p53 gene mutations are related to DNA ploidy alterations as relatively late events of carcinogenesis in gastric cancer. The present method is highly sensitive for detection of genetic abnormalities and is applicable even when various kinds of nontumorous cells are present in tumor samples.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA, Neoplasm / chemistry*
  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Exons
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Genes, p53 / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • DNA, Single-Stranded