Objective: To retrospectively study and analyse the immune regulatory effect of Bailing Capsule (BLC, a dry powder preparation of Cordyceps sinensis mycelia) on patients after renal transplantation, its influences on various systems of organism, and to explore its possible acting mechanism.
Methods: In accordance with the entry criteria, 67 recipients of renal homo-allograft were assigned to two groups. The 42 cases in the control group were treated with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) plus cyclosporine A (CsA), or tacrolimus (FK506) plus prednisone (Pred); the 25 in the treated group treated with the chemotherapy the same as in the control group plus BLC. They were followed up for 48 weeks by checking up blood routine, urine routine, hepatic and renal function, total serum protein, serum albumin, uric acid, etc., and the dosage of immunoinhibitory used was recorded periodically.
Results: Comparison showed no significant difference in graft survival rate, occurrence of reject reaction and renal function recovery between the two groups; but levels of urinary erythrocytes and leucocytes, blood alanine transaminase, aspartate amino transferase, uric acid, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, as well as the incidence of infection were significantly lower, and serum total protein and albumin were significantly higher in the treated group (all P < 0.01); moreover, counts of erythrocyte and leukocyte from 12 to 48 weeks, T-lymphocyte from 4 to 48 weeks after transplantation were significantly higher in the treated group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01), and the recovery appeared earlier, the dosage of CsA or FK506 used 12 weeks after operation was significantly lower in the treated group than in the control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).
Conclusions: BLC could effectively protect liver and kidney, stimulate hemopoietic function, improve hypoproteinemia, as well as reduce the incidence of infection and the dosage of CsA and FK506 used, etc. Therefore, it is a useful drug for immunoregulation after organ transplantation.