Emergency department visits made by patients with sickle cell disease: a descriptive study, 1999-2007

Am J Prev Med. 2010 Apr;38(4 Suppl):S536-41. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2010.01.001.


Background: Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) often use emergency department services to obtain medical care. Limited information is available about emergency department use among patients with SCD.

Purpose: This study assessed characteristics of emergency department visits made nationally by patients with SCD.

Methods: Data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) for the years 1999-2007 were analyzed. The NHAMCS is a survey of hospital emergency department and outpatient visits. Emergency department visits by patients with SCD were identified using ICD-9-CM codes, and nationally weighted estimates were calculated.

Results: On average, approximately 197,333 emergency department visits were estimated to have occurred each year between 1999 and 2007 with SCD as one of the diagnoses listed. The expected source of payment was private insurance for 14%, Medicaid/State Children's Health Insurance Program for 58%, Medicare for 14%, and other/unknown for 15%. Approximately 29% of visits resulted in hospital admission; this was 37% among patients aged 0-19 years, and 26% among patients aged >/=20 years. The episode of care was indicated as a follow-up visit for 23% of the visits. Patient-cited reasons for the emergency department visit included chest pain (11%); other pain or unspecified pain (67%); fever/infection (6%); and shortness of breath/breathing problem/cough (5%), among other reasons.

Conclusions: Substantial numbers of emergency department visits occur among people with SCD. The most common reason for the emergency department visits is pain symptoms. The findings of this study can help to improve health services delivery and utilization among patients with SCD.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Ambulatory Care / economics
  • Ambulatory Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Anemia, Sickle Cell / diagnosis
  • Anemia, Sickle Cell / economics
  • Anemia, Sickle Cell / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Delivery of Health Care / economics
  • Delivery of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / economics
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Expenditures
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • International Classification of Diseases
  • Male
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital / economics
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Sex Distribution
  • United States
  • Young Adult