Aims: To compare hypoglycaemic events, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and changes in body weight in Muslim patients with Type 2 diabetes receiving Humalog Mix 50 and human Mixtard 30 twice daily during Ramadan fasting.
Methods: Data were collected from Muslim patients with Type 2 diabetes attending primary care practices in North-West London, who were on Mixtard 30 insulin twice daily before Ramadan. Group 1 had their evening insulin changed to Humalog Mix 50 (n = 26) 2 weeks before Ramadan, i.e. taking Mixtard 30 at predawn meal and Humalog Mix 50 at the sunset meal during Ramadan. As the major proportion of the daily caloric intake was consumed at the sunset meal, the rationale of switching the evening dose from human Mixtard 30 to Humalog Mix 50 was to provide more rapid-acting insulin that has shorter time of onset and peak time for the large evening meal to improve the postprandial glucose control without increasing the risk of hypoglycaemia. Group 2 continued on Mixtard 30 twice daily (n = 26). All patients received structured education about how to identify and manage hypoglycaemia during Ramadan.
Results: Group 1 had a mean HbA1c reduction of 0.48% (p = 0.0001) before and after Ramadan, whereas group 2 had a mean HbA1c increase of 0.28% (p = 0.007). Group 1 was associated with a small reduction of 0.04 (p = 0.81) in the mean number of hypoglycaemic events during Ramadan compared with before Ramadan, whereas group 2 was associated with an increase of 0.15 (p = 0.43), although these differences between the groups were not statistically significant following adjustment for baseline factors [LSM difference between groups = 0.135, p = 0.36, 95% confidence limits (-0.16, 0.43)].
Conclusion: Changing to humalog Mix 50 during Ramadan resulted in improvement in glycaemic control without increasing the incidence of hypoglycaemia.