[Health and quality of life of medical residents]

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2010 Jan-Feb;56(1):81-91. doi: 10.1590/s0104-42302010000100021.
[Article in Portuguese]


Objective: This article highlights the relationship between health and quality of life among the resident medical staff.

Methods: A review was carried out to analyze the content of the relationship under study. Sources for this search were the Virtual Health Library (VHL), by BIREME (Centro Latino-American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information), the Electronic databases Medline (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System On-Line) Lilacs (Literatura Latino-American and Caribbean Health Sciences), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and the email address scholar.google.com.br. Descriptors used were: Quality of life, Burnout, Internship and Residency. Planning and analysis of scientific literature, was performed to evaluate and discuss issues presented in the studies related to the subject, considering the distribution of publications according to country of origin, date of publication, source and title, focus of study and main conclusions.

Results: Studies published point to high rates of burnout, stress, depression, fatigue and insomnia among medical residents; moreover a lack of coping strategies, the relationship between workload and quality of life, require a change of medical legislation regarding work-based learning.

Conclusion: Studies have shown that an adequate training program is needed not only to increase professional qualification and personal quality of life, but also to provide safety during patient treatment. It is known that residency training is stressful; it is nevertheless a process required to prepare for a solid career and personal growth of the young medical staff.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Burnout, Professional / epidemiology*
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency / statistics & numerical data*
  • Quality of Life* / psychology