Background and objective: In the past decade, no remarkable improvement has been made in the 5-year survival of cervical cancer patients. This study was to explore the influence of lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI) on the prognosis of patients with early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma.
Methods: A total of 111 eligible patients with FIGO stage IB and IIA cervical squamous cell carcinoma underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 1995 and December 2002. The histopathological slides of the 111 patients were reviewed by a senior gynecological pathologist. LVSI, invasion depth, tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis were evaluated.
Results: LVSI was present in 62 patients. The univariate analysis showed that the risk factors of overall survival (OS) included positive LVSI (P = 0.019) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.002), while the risk factors of progression-free survival (PFS) included LVSI (P = 0.029), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.002), SccAg value (P = 0.018), invasion depth (P = 0.022) and positive surgical margin (P = 0.002). The multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis was the independent prognostic factor of OS (P = 0.015), while lymph node metastasis and positive surgical margin were the independent factors of PFS (P = 0.006, P = 0.006). LVSI was correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.011).
Conclusion: Whether LVSI is an independent prognostic factor of early-stage cervical squamous cell carcinoma cannot be determined currently while LVSI is a risk factor of metastasis and relapse.