Background: Mutations in the cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene (MYBPC3) have been reported to be associated with delayed expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and a relatively good prognosis.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical manifestations in patients with familial HCM caused by a novel nonsense mutation, S297X, in MYBPC3.
Methods: We analyzed the sarcomere protein genes in 93 probands with HCM.
Results: The nonsense mutation S297X in MYBPC3 was present in nine subjects from two unrelated families. Eight of those nine subjects with this mutation were found to be phenotype-positive and the remaining individual was not affected phenotypically. The age range at diagnosis was 9-75 years. There was no family history of sudden death in either family. At presentation, there were various left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) patterns, including Maron type III hypertrophy from the LV base to apex, hypertrophy confined to the anterolateral wall at the basal LV wall. Two patients showed a significant LV outflow tract gradient and one patient showed intra-right-ventricular obstruction. During follow-up, one patient was repeatedly hospitalized for the treatment of heart failure after development of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation at the age of 86 years and the remaining eight subjects were in relatively stable condition and did not require hospitalization for the treatment of HCM-related events.
Conclusion: The novel mutation S297X in MYBPC3 causes HCM in a broad range of ages and heterogeneous clinical manifestations, though the clinical course in patients with this mutation seems to be benign.
Copyright 2010 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.