Body composition from birth to 4.5 months in infants born to non-obese women

Pediatr Res. 2010 Jul;68(1):84-8. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181df5421.


Infant body composition is affected by maternal obesity, which results in increased % body fat in the infant. With the rapidly increasing incidence of obesity, it is important that normative data are available for infant body composition that is not affected by this trend in maternal obesity. This study assessed body composition in infants born at term to women with a BMI between 18.5 and 25. Infant % body fat, fat mass (FM), and fat free mass (FFM) were assessed at birth, 6 wk, 3 mo, and 4.5 mo of age by air displacement plethysmography, using the PEA POD body composition system. The effects of age, gender, GA, and feeding mode on these parameters were assessed. The % body fat doubled between birth and 6 wk of age and then increased at a slower rate. FFM was higher in male infants at all ages, whereas % body fat was higher in female infants at 4.5 mo. There was a trend to increased % fat and decreased FFM in breastfed (BF) infants. The study provides unique data regarding changes in infant body composition and growth in infants born to women in the healthy weight range.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
  • Body Composition*
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant*
  • Male
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Pregnancy