Exposure to particulate air pollution at different living locations and respiratory symptoms in Hong Kong--an application of satellite information

Int J Environ Health Res. 2010 Jun;20(3):219-30. doi: 10.1080/09603120903511119.


Respiratory ill-health effects due to particulate air exposure at different geographical locations in Hong Kong that aggregate individual living locations were estimated based on satellite information. We assessed the presence of respiratory symptoms of a frequent cough or sputum in school students aged 11-20 years old (n = 9,881). Daily particulate air pollution levels at students' living locations were derived from the surface extinction coefficients measured by satellite and measurements from the air pollutant monitoring stations at ground level. Adjusted odds ratio (OR) [95% CI] of respiratory symptoms was 1.047 [1.005, 1.091] per 10 microg m(-3) increase in PM(10) concentration. Specificity tests showed that adjusted OR of having other symptoms is not significant (p = 0.20-0.94). Exposures to PM(10) at different geographical locations is associated with increased odds of having respiratory symptoms (cough or sputum) but not with other symptoms unrelated to air pollution.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Air Pollution / adverse effects
  • Air Pollution / analysis*
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Hong Kong / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Particulate Matter / adverse effects
  • Particulate Matter / analysis*
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology
  • Spacecraft*
  • Topography, Medical / methods*
  • Young Adult


  • Particulate Matter