Concomitant respiratory viral infections in children with Kawasaki disease

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010 Aug;29(8):770-2. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181dba70b.


The role of respiratory viruses in the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD) remains controversial. In this study, we showed that 8.8% of patients with KD had documented respiratory viral infections. Patients with concomitant viral infections had a higher frequency of coronary artery dilatations and were significantly more often diagnosed with incomplete KD. The presence of a concomitant viral infection should not exclude the diagnosis of KD.

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coronary Vessels / pathology
  • Dilatation, Pathologic / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / complications*
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / pathology
  • Prevalence
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / complications*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / pathology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / virology*
  • Virus Diseases / complications*
  • Virus Diseases / pathology*