Anti-doping testing at the 2008 European football championship

Drug Test Anal. 2009 Nov;1(11-12):485-93. doi: 10.1002/dta.105.


Big sports events like the 2008 European Football Championship are a challenge for anti-doping activities, particularly when the sports event is hosted by two different countries and there are two laboratories accredited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. This challenges the logistics of sample collection as well as the chemical analyses, which must be carried out timeously. The following paper discusses the handling of whereabouts information for each athlete and the therapeutic use exemption system, experiences in sample collection and transportation of blood and urine samples, and the results of the chemical analysis in two different accredited laboratories. An overview of the analytical results of blood profiling and growth hormone testing in comparison with the distribution of the normal population is also presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Chemical Analysis
  • Data Collection / methods*
  • Doping in Sports*
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / blood
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / urine
  • Soccer
  • Specimen Handling / methods
  • Substance Abuse Detection / methods*
  • Urine / chemistry


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations