Cell phone radiations affect early growth of Vigna radiata (mung bean) through biochemical alterations

Z Naturforsch C J Biosci. 2010 Jan-Feb;65(1-2):66-72. doi: 10.1515/znc-2010-1-212.


The indiscriminate use of wireless technologies, particularly of cell phones, has increased the health risks among living organisms including plants. We investigated the impact of cell phone electromagentic field (EMF) radiations (power density, 8.55 microW cm(-2)) on germination, early growth, proteins and carbohydrate contents, and activities of some enzymes in Vigna radiata. Cell phone EMF radiations significantly reduced the seedling length and dry weight of V radiata after exposure for 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 h. Furthermore, the contents of proteins and carbohydrates were reduced in EMF-exposed plants. However, the activities of proteases, alpha-amylases, beta-amylases, polyphenol oxidases, and peroxidases were enhanced in EMF-exposed radicles indicating their role in providing protection against EMF-induced stress. The study concludes that cell phone EMFs impair early growth of V radiata seedlings by inducing biochemical changes.

MeSH terms

  • Catechol Oxidase / metabolism
  • Catechol Oxidase / radiation effects
  • Cell Phone*
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Fabaceae / enzymology
  • Fabaceae / growth & development*
  • Fabaceae / metabolism
  • Fabaceae / radiation effects
  • Germination / physiology
  • Germination / radiation effects
  • Peroxidases / metabolism
  • Peroxidases / radiation effects
  • Plant Proteins / radiation effects
  • Seedlings / growth & development
  • Seedlings / radiation effects
  • alpha-Amylases / metabolism
  • alpha-Amylases / radiation effects
  • beta-Amylase / metabolism
  • beta-Amylase / radiation effects


  • Plant Proteins
  • Catechol Oxidase
  • Peroxidases
  • alpha-Amylases
  • beta-Amylase