Acute shunt malfunction after cesarean section delivery: a case report

J Korean Med Sci. 2010 Apr;25(4):647-50. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2010.25.4.647. Epub 2010 Mar 19.


Shunt malfunctions that require surgical intervention during pregnancy and the postpartum period are rare. Furthermore, no study has reported on an acute shunt malfunction immediately after cesarean section. Here, we describe the case of a 32-yr-old woman who became drowsy 12 hr after cesarean section delivery of her second child. She had a ventriculoperitoneal shunt placed to treat hydrocephalus associated with meningitis at 26 yr of age. Marked ventriculomegaly was seen on brain computed tomography and her consciousness recovered temporarily after aspirating cerebrospinal fluid from the flushing device. At surgery, the distal catheter tip was plugged by a blood clot. We believe that the blood spilled over during the cesarean section. The clogged catheter end was simply cut off and the remaining catheter was repositioned in the peritoneal cavity. Her consciousness recovered fully.

Keywords: Cesarean Section; Hydrocephalus; Prosthesis Failure; Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cesarean Section*
  • Equipment Failure*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / etiology
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery
  • Meningitis / complications
  • Pregnancy
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt* / adverse effects
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt* / instrumentation