Background: Passive immunization for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was rapidly translated into clinical trials. However, basic mechanisms of AD immunotherapy remain only partially understood.
Methods: We analyzed the dynamic changes of amyloid-β (Aβ) levels in plasma, brain, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as well as cerebral amyloid binding by Aβ antibody after a single β1-antibody infusion into APP(Swedish) and APP(wildtype) transgenic mice at preplaque and plaque-bearing age.
Results: Following intravenous Aβ antibody treatment, plasma Aβ increased rapidly, reaching significantly higher levels in preplaque compared with plaque-bearing mice, whereas cerebral and CSF Aβ remained unchanged. Strikingly, Aβ antibodies exhibited strong cerebral amyloid plaque binding rapidly after intravenous administration in a subset of animals with more severe vascular amyloid.
Conclusions: Rapid plasma Aβ increase after Aβ antibody infusion results primarily from stabilization of Aβ. Nevertheless, the smaller plasma Aβ increase in plaque-bearing mice might be of diagnostic use. Importantly, intravenously administered antibodies can rapidly bind to cerebral plaques, potentially facilitated by vascular-amyloid-mediated damage of the blood-brain barrier.
Copyright © 2010 Society of Biological Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.