Ultrasonic-assisted transesterification of Jatropha curcus oil using solid catalyst, Na/SiO2

Ultrason Sonochem. 2010 Jun;17(5):839-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2010.03.001. Epub 2010 Mar 6.


The production of biodiesel from non-edible vegetable oil using ultrasonication, calls for an efficient solid catalyst to make the process fully ecologically and economically friendly. The methodology allows for the reaction to be run under atmospheric conditions. Solid catalyst and ultrasonication reduced the reaction time comparing to the conventional batch processes and we found 98.53% biodiesel yield. The optimal conditions for biodiesel production is the molar ratio oil to methanol 1:9, Catalyst conc. 3 wt.% of oil and 15 min reaction time.

MeSH terms

  • Catalysis
  • Esters / chemistry
  • Esters / radiation effects
  • Jatropha / chemistry*
  • Jatropha / radiation effects*
  • Plant Oils / chemical synthesis*
  • Plant Oils / radiation effects*
  • Silicon Dioxide / chemistry*
  • Silicon Dioxide / radiation effects
  • Sodium / chemistry*
  • Sodium / radiation effects
  • Sonication*


  • Esters
  • Plant Oils
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Sodium