Bone transport using the Ilizarov method: a review of complications in 100 consecutive cases

Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2010 Apr;5(1):17-22. doi: 10.1007/s11751-010-0085-9. Epub 2010 Mar 9.

Abstract

We present the results of treatment of 100 patients (72 men, 28 women) by the Ilizarov method of bone transport using circular (55) and monolateral external fixators (45). A total of 26 femurs (18 monolateral, 8 circular) and 74 tibias (49 circular, 25 monolateral) was examined. There were no significant differences between the circular fixator and the monolateral fixator with regard to treatment time, complications in the treated bone segments or compliance with the presence of the fixator. The main complications (pseudoarthrosis at bone contact points after transport, insufficient ossification of lengthened bone, knee stiffness) were resolved with further treatment for all patients with the exception of one case which continued with repeated infections. The circular fixator allows for deformity corrections during bone transport but the monolateral fixator is tolerated better by patients, especially in those with femoral defects.

Keywords: Bone transport; Distraction osteogenesis; External fixator.