[Antiviral activity of sulfated polysaccharide from the brown algae Laminaria japonica against avian influenza A (H5N1) virus infection in the cultured cells]

Vopr Virusol. Jan-Feb 2010;55(1):41-5.
[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The antiviral activity of the sulfated polysaccharide fucoidan from the brown sea algae Laminaria japonica against infection caused by highly virulent avian influenza virus (Alduck/Novosibirsk/02/05, H5N1) in the sensitive pig embryo kidney cell cultures was studied. Fucoidan was ascertained to have no cytotoxic activity and to show virucidal activity against influenza A/H5N1 virus. When given at concentrations of 50 to 500 microg/ml, fucoidan protected the cell cultures from the cytopathogenic activity of influenza virus in a dose of 0.01 TCID50/1.0 ml and was able to suppress influenza A/H5N1 virus production within 24 hours of infection when prophylactic and therapeutic-and-prophylactic treatment regimens were used.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antiviral Agents / chemistry
  • Antiviral Agents / isolation & purification
  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral / drug effects
  • Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype / drug effects*
  • Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype / physiology
  • Laminaria / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry
  • Polysaccharides / isolation & purification
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Swine
  • Virus Replication / drug effects

Substances

  • Antiviral Agents
  • Polysaccharides
  • fucoidan