Bandlike motion and mobility saturation in organic molecular semiconductors

Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Dec 31;103(26):266601. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.266601. Epub 2009 Dec 23.

Abstract

We analyze a model that accounts for the inherently large thermal lattice fluctuations associated with the weak van der Waals intermolecular bonding in crystalline organic semiconductors. In these materials the charge mobility generally exhibits a "metalliclike" power-law behavior, with no sign of thermally activated hopping characteristic of carrier self-localization, despite apparent mean free paths comparable to or lower than the intermolecular spacing. Our results show that such a puzzling transport regime can be understood from the simultaneous presence of band carriers and incoherent states that are dynamically localized by the thermal lattice disorder.