Quantum Hall exciton condensation at full spin polarization

Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Jan 8;104(1):016801. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.016801. Epub 2010 Jan 4.

Abstract

Using Coulomb drag as a probe, we explore the excitonic phase transition in quantum Hall bilayers at nu(T) = 1 as a function of Zeeman energy E(Z). The critical layer separation (d/l)(c) for exciton condensation initially increases rapidly with E(Z), but then reaches a maximum and begins a gentle decline. At high E(Z), where both the excitonic phase at small d/l and the compressible phase at large d/l are fully spin polarized, we find that the width of the transition, as a function of d/l, is much larger than at small E(Z) and persists in the limit of zero temperature. We discuss these results in the context of two models in which the system contains a mixture of the two fluids.