Probiotics: Preventing Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea

J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2010 Apr;15(2):160-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6155.2010.00231.x.


Purpose: Probiotics are live microorganisms that offer a health benefit to the host. Found typically in dietary supplements, probiotics can be safely used in the treatment of acute diarrheal disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and antibiotic-associated diarrhea. They can be found in milks, yogurt, powders, and pills.

Conclusions: Research has shown that several strains of probiotics are helpful in the prevention and treatment of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. The most commonly studied probiotics are Lactobacillus GG and Saccharomyces boulardii.

Practice implications: By understanding the uses, dosages, and safety of common probiotics, nurses can help educate patients and their families on the benefits of probiotics.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects*
  • Child
  • Diarrhea / chemically induced*
  • Diarrhea / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Lactobacillus
  • Probiotics / therapeutic use*
  • Saccharomyces
  • Safety


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents