TMJ ankylosis after neonatal septic arthritis: literature review and two case reports

Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Jun;15(2):113-9. doi: 10.1007/s10006-010-0210-4.


Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be a result of several causes such as trauma, degenerative changes, infection, and space-occupying lesion. When occurring during early childhood, it can result in severe functional disability and facial deformity. Septic arthritis is an uncommon disease associated with systemic and local factors being most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Haemophilus influenzae. This paper presents two unusual cases of TMJ ankylosis following neonatal infections treated surgically and does a literature review about the topic.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Ankylosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Ankylosis / etiology*
  • Ankylosis / surgery
  • Arthritis, Infectious / complications*
  • Arthritis, Infectious / surgery
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Radiography, Panoramic
  • Staphylococcal Infections / complications*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / surgery
  • Temporomandibular Joint / diagnostic imaging*
  • Temporomandibular Joint / surgery
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / diagnostic imaging
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / etiology*
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / surgery
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*

Supplementary concepts

  • Temporomandibular ankylosis