It has been recently reported that treatment with an anti-placenta growth factor (PlGF) antibody inhibits metastasis and primary tumor growth. Here we show that, although anti-PlGF treatment inhibited wound healing, extravasation of B16F10 cells, and growth of a tumor engineered to overexpress the PlGF receptor (VEGFR-1), neutralization of PlGF using four novel blocking antibodies had no significant effect on tumor angiogenesis in 15 models. Also, genetic ablation of the tyrosine kinase domain of VEGFR-1 in the host did not result in growth inhibition of the anti-VEGF-A sensitive or resistant tumors tested. Furthermore, combination of anti-PlGF with anti-VEGF-A antibodies did not result in greater antitumor efficacy than anti-VEGF-A monotherapy. In conclusion, our data argue against an important role of PlGF during primary tumor growth in most models and suggest that clinical evaluation of anti-PlGF antibodies may be challenging.
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