Rehabilitation of shoulder impingement syndrome and rotator cuff injuries: an evidence-based review

Br J Sports Med. 2010 Apr;44(5):319-27. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.058875.


Rehabilitation of the patient with glenohumeral impingement requires a complete understanding of the structures involved and the underlying mechanism creating the impingement response. A detailed clinical examination and comprehensive treatment programme including specific interventions to address pain, scapular dysfunction and rotator cuff weakness are recommended. The inclusion of objective testing to quantify range of motion and both muscular strength and balance in addition to the manual orthopaedic clinical tests allows clinicians to design evidence-based rehabilitation programmes as well as measure progression and patient improvement.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Athletic Injuries / etiology
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / rehabilitation
  • Muscle Strength / physiology
  • Physical Examination / methods
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries*
  • Scapula / injuries
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / etiology
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / rehabilitation*