ABA-1 is an approximately 14,000 molecular weight (MW) allergen which is among the most abundant proteins synthesized by the nematode parasite Ascaris. IgG and IgE responses to it are major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted in rodents and have only been found to occur in rats of the RT1u haplotype and mice of the H-2s haplotype. Humans infected with the parasite vary substantially in their immune response to the allergen, but the genetic basis for this unknown. H-2 recombinant mice were used to identify the region within the MHC controlling antibody responses to the allergen. IgG antibody to immunoaffinity purified ABA-1 was assayed by radio-immunoassay and IgE by passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. This showed that the restriction element is the I-A molecule and that there was some evidence for I-E modulation of the level of response.