Objectives: In the attempt to overcome increasing glycopeptide- and methicillin-resistant soft tissue infections, daptomycin is presently considered as an attractive alternative to the class of glycopeptides. However, daptomycin dosing and its ability to penetrate into inflamed target tissues are still a matter of controversy. Thus, in the present investigation, we set out to evaluate daptomycin's ability to penetrate into inflamed subcutaneous adipose tissue and bone in diabetic patients presenting with severe bacterial foot infection.
Patients and methods: The microdialysis technique was utilized to collect interstitial space fluid from inflamed subcutaneous adipose tissue and metatarsal bone. Plasma and unaffected subcutaneous adipose tissue served as reference compartments. Serial sampling of specimens at steady-state was performed from 0 to 8 h post-dose in five patients (Group A) and from 8 to 16 h after study drug administration in another group of four patients (Group B). In all subjects, daptomycin was administered intravenously once daily at a dosage of 6 mg/kg body weight for 4 consecutive days at minimum.
Results: Equilibrium between free tissue and plasma concentrations was achieved approximately 2 h post-infusion. Under steady-state conditions, the degree of tissue penetration was assessed by the calculation of the ratio of free (f) AUC of daptomycin in plasma to the fAUC in tissues. The mean ratios of the fAUC0-16 tissue to the fAUC0-16 plasma were 1.44, 0.98 and 1.08 for healthy tissue, inflamed subcutaneous adipose tissue and bone, respectively. The corresponding ratios of the fAUCs from 0 to 24 h were 1.54, 1.06 and 1.17, respectively.
Conclusions: With the reservation that pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic targets for daptomycin in tissues are currently not established, we conclude that daptomycin given at intravenous doses of 6 mg/kg body weight once daily may be considered an effective treatment regimen in diabetic patients suffering from bacterial foot infection and osteomyelitis.