In silico replication of the genome-wide association results of the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium

Hum Mol Genet. 2010 Jun 15;19(12):2534-8. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddq133. Epub 2010 Apr 8.


Recently, the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium (T1DGC) reported 22 novel type 1 diabetes (T1D)-associated loci identified by meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies (GWASs) with a case-control design. However, the association of 10 of these 22 reported loci was not confirmed in the T1DGC family cohort (P > 0.1). To address concerns about potential bias from population stratification, this study aims to replicate the association in three independent GWAS cohorts, one of which was based on the stratification-proof transmission disequilibrium analysis. Three European-descent population samples were included in this study: 483 cases and both parents, a case-control cohort of 514 cases and 2027 controls, and an additional cohort of 1078 cases and 341 controls from the dbGaP database. Among the 22 SNPs reported by the T1DGC, we had high-quality genotypes for 15; the remaining were imputed. T1D association was replicated in seven loci after Bonferroni correction for 22 independent hypotheses. An additional eight loci had nominal (one-sided) significance of P < 0.1 in the same direction, giving a false discovery rate of 3.35%. The genetic susceptibility conferred by non-HLA loci in our family cohort with one affected offspring was higher than the T1DGC multiplex families. Reciprocally, the frequency of strongly predisposing HLA alleles in the multiplex families was higher. This study replicated T1D association with at least as many of these novel loci as expected from the power of our sample size, thus supporting the validity of the new discoveries.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Loci
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • HLA Antigens / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide


  • HLA Antigens