Previous history of gonococcal infection as a risk factor in patients presenting with gonorrhoea

Int J STD AIDS. 2010 Apr;21(4):277-8. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2009.009235.


Recidivism is common in patients infected with gonorrhoea. Identifying the factors most closely associated with recurrent gonococcal infection can help to target health promotion and disease prevention interventions. A case-control study design was used to quantify the importance of past infection as a risk marker for gonorrhoea while controlling for other demographic and behavioural factors. Data were available for 134 cases of gonorrhoea and 150 controls. A history of gonorrhoea (odds ratio [OR] 4.36 [95% CI 1.78-10.71]) was the strongest predictor of current infection. The number of partners in the last month (OR 2.19 [95% CI 1.20-4.02]) was also significantly associated with a diagnosis of gonorrhoea. Patients presenting with gonorrhoea are a specific high-risk group who require additional interventions and should be prioritized for evidence-based, enhanced and interactive counselling.

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Gonorrhea / diagnosis
  • Gonorrhea / epidemiology*
  • Gonorrhea / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Behavior*
  • Sexual Partners*