Purpose: GF120918 has a high inhibitory effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). We developed [(11)C]GF120918 as a positron emission tomography (PET) probe to assess if dual modulation of P-gp and BCRP is useful to evaluate brain penetration.
Procedures: PET studies using [(11)C]GF120918 were conducted on P-gp and/or Bcrp knockout mice as well as wild-type mice.
Results: In PET studies, the AUC(brain) ([0-60 min]) and K (1) value in P-gp/Bcrp knockout mice were nine- and 26-fold higher than that in wild-type mice, respectively. These results suggest that brain penetration of [(11)C]GF120918 is related to modulation of P-gp and BCRP and is limited by two transporters working together.
Conclusions: PET using [(11)C]GF120918 may be useful for evaluating the function of P-gp and BCRP. PET using P-gp/Bcrp knockout mice may be an effective method to understand the overall contributions the functions of P-gp and BCRP.