Acute movement disorders associated with bilateral lesions in the basal ganglia are increasingly described in patients affected by diabetes and uremia. Pathophysiology has not been utterly understood yet, but it is likely to be multifactorial, with both ischemic/microvascular and metabolic/toxic factors determining the lesions and symptoms. We have studied a uremic diabetic patient who was admitted in emergency after presenting choreic movements, in which CT and MR, including diffusion-weighted imaging and spectroscopy, showed bilateral symmetric basal ganglia lesions with regression at follow-up. This is the first report in the literature describing spectroscopic findings in this condition.
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