Affect, exercise, and physical activity among healthy adolescents

J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2009 Dec;31(6):706-23. doi: 10.1123/jsep.31.6.706.

Abstract

Many adolescents do not meet public health recommendations for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In studies of variables influencing adolescent MVPA, one that has been understudied is the affective response to exercise. We hypothesized that adolescents with a more positive affective response to acute exercise would be more active. Adolescents (N = 124; 46% male) completed two 30-min exercise tasks (above and below the ventilatory threshold [VT]), and wore ActiGraph accelerometers for 6.5 +/- 0.7 days. Affective valence was assessed before, during, and after each task. A more positive affective response during exercise below the VT was associated with greater participation in MVPA (p < .05). The results are consistent with the hypothesis that individuals who have a more positive affective response to exercise will engage in more MVPA. To promote greater participation in MVPA among adolescents, programs should be designed to facilitate a positive affective experience during exercise.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Affect*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • California
  • Ergometry
  • Exercise / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Motor Activity*
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Pulmonary Ventilation