Methamphetamine-induced neuronal protein NAT8L is the NAA biosynthetic enzyme: implications for specialized acetyl coenzyme A metabolism in the CNS

Brain Res. 2010 Jun 4:1335:1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.04.008. Epub 2010 Apr 10.


N-acetylaspartate (NAA) is a concentrated, neuron-specific brain metabolite routinely used as a magnetic resonance spectroscopy marker for brain injury and disease. Despite decades of research, the functional roles of NAA remain unclear. Biochemical investigations over several decades have associated NAA with myelin lipid synthesis and energy metabolism. However, studies have been hampered by an inability to identify the gene for the NAA biosynthetic enzyme aspartate N-acetyltransferase (Asp-NAT). A very recent report has identified Nat8l as the gene encoding Asp-NAT and confirmed that the only child diagnosed with a lack of NAA on brain magnetic resonance spectrograms has a 19-bp deletion in this gene. Based on in vitro Nat8l expression studies the researchers concluded that many previous biochemical investigations have been technically flawed and that NAA may not be associated with brain energy or lipid metabolism. In studies done concurrently in our laboratory we have demonstrated via cloning, expression, specificity for acetylation of aspartate, responsiveness to methamphetamine treatment, molecular modeling and comparative immunolocalization that NAT8L is the NAA biosynthetic enzyme Asp-NAT. We conclude that NAA is a major storage and transport form of acetyl coenzyme A specific to the nervous system, thus linking it to both lipid synthesis and energy metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetyl Coenzyme A / metabolism*
  • Acetylation
  • Acetyltransferases / biosynthesis*
  • Acetyltransferases / genetics
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Aspartic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Aspartic Acid / biosynthesis
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Methamphetamine / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Neurons / enzymology*
  • Pyramidal Cells / enzymology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Substrate Specificity / genetics


  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Aspartic Acid
  • Methamphetamine
  • Acetyl Coenzyme A
  • N-acetylaspartate
  • Acetyltransferases
  • NAT8 protein, human
  • NAT8L protein, human
  • aspartate N-acetyltransferase