NO protection is crucial against angiotensin II (ANG II) mediated vasoconstriction in postnatal preglomerular resistance vessels. Although whole kidney NOS is developmentally regulated, NOS regulation in developing renal resistance vessels is unknown. The hypothesis was NOS expression and function in developing afferent arterioles are regulated by ANG II through AT1 and AT2 receptors. Afferent arterioles from porcine kidneys, ages newborn, 7, 21 d, and adult, were dissected using a polybead perfusion technique. Dissected afferent arterioles were treated with ANG II and with either the AT1 receptor inhibitor candesartan or the AT2 receptor inhibitor PD 123319 and evaluated for NOS isoform expression and NOS enzymatic activity. Although NOS activity and neuronal NOS (nNOS) expression were greater in the newborn than in the adult, endothelial NOS (eNOS) expression was greater in the adult. ANG II increased NOS activity and eNOS expression at all ages, but nNOS expression only in developing afferents. AT1 and AT2 receptor blockade significantly attenuated NOS activity and eNOS expression at all ages, but nNOS expression only in developing afferents. ANG II regulates nNOS and eNOS expression and NOS activity in afferent arterioles of the developing kidney via AT1 and AT2 receptors.