Purpose: To perform a comparison of cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived ejection fraction (EF) during low-dose dobutamine infusion (EF(D)) with the extent of segments with transmural necrosis in more than 50% of their wall thickness (ETN) for the prediction of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and late systolic recovery soon after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Materials and methods: Institutional ethics committee approval and written informed consent were obtained. One hundred nineteen consecutive patients with a first STEMI, a depressed left ventricular EF, and an open infarct-related artery underwent MR imaging at 1 week after infarction. EF(D) and ETN (by using a 17-segment model) were determined, and the prediction of MACEs and systolic recovery at follow-up was assessed by using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and multivariable regression analysis.
Results: During follow-up (median, 613 days; range, 312-1243 days), 18 MACEs (five cardiac deaths, six myocardial infarctions, seven readmissions for heart failure) occurred. MACEs were associated with a lower EF(D) (43% +/- 12 [standard deviation] vs 49% +/- 10, P = .02) and a larger ETN (seven segments +/- three vs four segments +/- three, P < .001). Patients with systolic recovery (increase in EF of >5% at follow-up compared with baseline EF, n = 44) displayed a higher EF(D) (51% +/- 10 vs 47% +/- 9, P = .04) and a smaller ETN (three segments +/- two vs five segments +/- three, P = .002) at 1 week. ETN and EF(D) both related to MACEs (AUC: 0.78 vs 0.67, respectively, P = .1) and systolic recovery (AUC: 0.68 vs 0.62, respectively, P = .3). According to multivariable analysis, ETN was the only MR variable associated with time to MACEs (hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% confidence interval: 1.19, 1.60; P < .001) and systolic recovery (odds ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval: 0.64, 0.92; P = .004) independent of baseline characteristics.
Conclusion: ETN is as useful as EF(D) for the prediction of MACEs and systolic recovery soon after STEMI.
Copyright RSNA, 2010