Human natural killer (NK) cells subsets are phenotypically characterized by their lack of CD3 and low/high expression of CD56. This study revealed an age-associated increase in the ratio of CD3(-)CD56(dim) to CD3(-)CD56(bright) NK cells, whereas distinct expression patterns of CD2, CD16, CD57, and the C-type lectin family members killer cell lectin-like receptor -D1 (CD94) and -G1 (KLRG1), were noted on both these NK and the CD3(+)CD56(+) T cell subsets; moreover, CD94 and KLRG1 expression were significantly reduced with age. Although the proportion of CD3(-)CD56(bright) NK cells vs CD3(-)CD56(dim) cells decreased with age, the percentage of CD3(-)CD56(bright) cells expressing IFN-gamma after activation significantly increased, potentially representing compensatory augmentation of cytokine production to maintain the important immunoregulatory role of these cells in older individuals. Collectively, these results highlight new evidence for a continuum of change during immunologic aging and present unique data for variation of NK cell subsets with human aging.
Copyright 2010 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.