Background: To evaluate the potential drug-drug interaction between raltegravir and pravastatin.
Methods: This was an open-label, randomized, 3-period, cross-over, single-centre trial in 24 healthy volunteers. Subjects received the following treatments: pravastatin 40 mg every day for 4 days, raltegravir 400 mg twice a day for 4 days, and pravastatin 40 mg every day + raltegravir 400 mg twice a day for 4 days. The treatments were separated by washout periods of 10 days. On day 4 of each treatment period, blood samples for pharmacokinetics were collected throughout a 24-hour period.
Results: Geometric mean ratios (90% confidence interval) for pravastatin + raltegravir versus pravastatin alone were 0.96 (0.83 to 1.11) for AUC0-24 and 1.04 (0.85 to 1.26) for Cmax. The mean low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decrease after 4 days of pravastatin was 0.42 mmol/L both in the presence and the absence of raltegravir. The geometric mean ratio (90% confidence interval) AUC0-12, Cmax, and C12 for raltegravir + pravastatin versus raltegravir alone were 1.13 (0.77 to 1.65), 1.31 (0.81 to 2.13), and 0.59 (0.39 to 0.88), respectively.
Conclusions: Raltegravir did not influence the pharmacokinetics or the short-term lipid-lowering effects of pravastatin, whereas pravastatin increased the Cmax but decreased the C12 of raltegravir. The effects of pravastatin on raltegravir pharmacokinetics are not likely to be clinically relevant.