Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) imaging is a powerful technique giving access to the distribution of a large range of biomolecules directly from a tissue section, allowing, for example, the discovery of new pathological biomarkers. Nevertheless, one main difficulty lies in the identification of the detected species, especially proteins. MALDI-in source decay (ISD) is used to fragment ions directly in the mass spectrometer ion source. This technique does not require any special sample treatment but only the use of a specific MALDI matrix such as 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid or 1,5-diaminonaphthalene. MALDI-ISD is generally employed on classical, purified samples, but here we demonstrate that ISD can also be performed directly on mixtures and on a tissue slice leading to fragment ions, allowing the identification of major proteins without any further treatment. On a porcine eye lens slice, de novo sequencing was even performed. Crystallins not yet referenced in databases were identified by sequence homology with other mammalian species. On a mouse brain slice, we demonstrate that results obtained with ISD are comparable and even better than those obtained with a classical in situ digestion.