The Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire: A screening measure for body dysmorphic disorder

Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2010 Jun;44(6):535-42. doi: 10.3109/00048671003596055.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the Dysmorphic Concerns Questionnaire (DCQ) as a screening measure for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and to derive DCQ cutoff scores to facilitate the screening procedure.

Method: The DCQ was completed by 244 undergraduates (mean = 20.80, SD = 3.10 years) and 57 BDD outpatients (mean = 29.60, SD = 9.44 years) in Melbourne, Australia. The undergraduate sample was screened for eating disorders using the Eating Attitudes Test-26, and for BDD using the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire.

Results: The BDD outpatients obtained significantly higher scores on the DCQ than the undergraduates. This difference remained statistically significant after controlling for the severity of depression and social anxiety symptoms. A DCQ cutoff score of 9 resulted in the correct classification of 96.4% of BDD patients and 90.6% of undergraduates.

Conclusions: The results supported the use of the DCQ as a brief, sensitive, and specific screening instrument for BDD.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders / psychology
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening*
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • ROC Curve
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Victoria
  • Young Adult