Design and outcomes of a Mothers In Motion behavioral intervention pilot study

J Nutr Educ Behav. May-Jun 2010;42(3 Suppl):S11-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2010.01.010.


Objective: This paper describes the design and findings of a pilot Mothers In Motion (P-MIM) program.

Design: A randomized controlled trial that collected data via telephone interviews and finger stick at 3 time points: baseline and 2 and 8 months post-intervention.

Setting: Three Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) sites in southern Michigan.

Participants: One hundred and twenty nine overweight and obese African-American and white mothers, 18-34 years old.

Intervention: The 10-week, theory-based, culturally sensitive intervention messages were delivered via a series of 5 chapters on a DVD and complemented by 5 peer support group teleconferences.

Main outcome measures: Dietary fat, fruit, and vegetable intake; physical activity; stress; feelings; body weight; and blood glucose.

Analysis: General linear mixed model was applied to assess treatment effects across 2 and 8 months post-intervention.

Results: No significant effect sizes were found in primary and secondary outcome variables at 2 and 8 months post-intervention. However, changes in body weight and blood glucose showed apparent trends consistent with the study's hypotheses.

Conclusions and implications: The P-MIM showed promise for preventing weight gain in low-income overweight and obese women. However, a larger experimental trial is warranted to determine the effectiveness of this intervention.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Body Weight
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Maternal-Child Health Centers
  • Mothers* / psychology
  • Motor Activity*
  • Obesity / blood
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Overweight / blood
  • Overweight / diet therapy
  • Overweight / psychology
  • Overweight / therapy*
  • Peer Group
  • Pilot Projects
  • Poverty
  • Self Efficacy
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Blood Glucose