A WIC-based intervention to prevent early childhood overweight

J Nutr Educ Behav. May-Jun 2010;42(3 Suppl):S47-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2010.02.010.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of a Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-based intervention on the food and beverage intake, physical activity, and television watching of children ages 1-5.

Design: Longitudinal surveys of intervention and control participants at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months.

Results: Analysis of variance tests showed that the intervention had a small but significant impact on TV watching and fruit intake. The intervention was most protective for children younger than 2 years of age.

Conclusions and implications: Although the impact of the intervention was relatively small and limited to the youngest children served by WIC, findings suggest that the WIC setting is appropriate for improving healthful behaviors that are linked to reducing the rates of early childhood overweight.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging
  • Caregivers / education
  • Caregivers / psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Food Services
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Maternal-Child Health Centers
  • Mothers / education*
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Motivation
  • Motor Activity
  • Overweight / prevention & control*
  • Preventive Health Services*
  • Public Assistance
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Television / statistics & numerical data
  • Time Factors