Trpv6 mediates intestinal calcium absorption during calcium restriction and contributes to bone homeostasis

Bone. 2010 Aug;47(2):301-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2010.04.595. Epub 2010 Apr 24.


Energy-dependent intestinal calcium absorption is important for the maintenance of calcium and bone homeostasis, especially when dietary calcium supply is restricted. The active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)], is a crucial regulator of this process and increases the expression of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 6 (Trpv6) calcium channel that mediates calcium transfer across the intestinal apical membrane. Genetic inactivation of Trpv6 in mice (Trpv6(-/-)) showed, however, that TRPV6 is redundant for intestinal calcium absorption when dietary calcium content is normal/high and passive diffusion likely contributes to maintain normal serum calcium levels. On the other hand, Trpv6 inactivation impaired the increase in intestinal calcium transport following calcium restriction, however without resulting in hypocalcemia. A possible explanation is that normocalcemia is maintained at the expense of bone homeostasis, a hypothesis investigated in this study. In this study, we thoroughly analyzed the bone phenotype of Trpv6(-/-) mice receiving a normal (approximately 1%) or low (approximately 0.02%) calcium diet from weaning onwards using micro-computed tomography, histomorphometry and serum parameters. When dietary supply of calcium is normal, Trpv6 inactivation did not affect growth plate morphology, bone mass and remodeling parameters in young adult or aging mice. Restricting dietary calcium had no effect on serum calcium levels and resulted in a comparable reduction in bone mass accrual in Trpv6(+/+) and Trpv6(-/-) mice (-35% and 45% respectively). This decrease in bone mass was associated with a similar increase in bone resorption, whereas serum osteocalcin levels and the amount of unmineralized bone matrix were only significantly increased in Trpv6(-/-) mice. Taken together, our findings indicate that TRPV6 contributes to intestinal calcium transport when dietary calcium supply is limited and in this condition indirectly regulates bone formation and/or mineralization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging / drug effects
  • Aging / pathology
  • Animals
  • Bone Remodeling / drug effects
  • Bone and Bones / drug effects*
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism*
  • Calcium / blood
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Channels / deficiency
  • Calcium Channels / genetics
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism*
  • Calcium, Dietary / pharmacology*
  • Duodenum / drug effects
  • Duodenum / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Homeostasis / drug effects*
  • Intestinal Absorption / drug effects*
  • Ion Channel Gating / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Organ Size / drug effects
  • Osteogenesis / drug effects
  • Phosphates / blood
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • TRPV Cation Channels / deficiency
  • TRPV Cation Channels / genetics
  • TRPV Cation Channels / metabolism*


  • Calcium Channels
  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Phosphates
  • RNA, Messenger
  • TRPV Cation Channels
  • Trpv6 protein, mouse
  • Calcium