A potential positive feedback loop controlling CLN1 and CLN2 gene expression at the start of the yeast cell cycle

Cell. 1991 May 31;65(5):875-83. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(91)90394-e.


The CLN1, CLN2, and CLN3 genes of S. cerevisiae form a redundant family essential for the G1-to-S phase transition. CLN1 and CLN2 mRNAs were previously shown to be negatively regulated by mating pheromone and by cell cycle progression out of G1, whereas CLN3 mRNA is not. The CLN3-2 (DAF1-1) allele prevents both cell cycle arrest and the turnoff of CLN1 and CLN2 mRNAs in response to mating pheromone, but only in the presence of an active CDC28 gene. An internally deleted nonfunctional cln2 gene was used as a reporter gene to demonstrate that in the absence of mating pheromone, efficient expression of cln2 mRNA requires both an active CDC28 gene and at least one functional CLN gene. mRNA from a nonfunctional cln1 gene was regulated similarly. Thus, CLN function and CDC28 activity jointly stimulate CLN1 and CLN2 mRNA levels, potentially forming a positive feedback loop for CLN1 and CLN2 expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle / drug effects
  • Feedback
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
  • Genes, Fungal*
  • Mating Factor
  • Multigene Family*
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Peptides / pharmacology
  • Pheromones / pharmacology
  • Plasmids
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development


  • Peptides
  • Pheromones
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Mating Factor