Objective: This study was conducted for the purpose of determining the prevalence of depression in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women and the factors that influence the development of depression.
Methods: A community-based sample of 685 women aged 45 to 59 years who were living in Malatya was recruited in this cross-sectional study. An information form that included questions on descriptive characteristics and lifestyle variables of cases, the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire, and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered to each woman in the sample. The data were collected through personal interviews with women at their home between February and May 2008.
Results: The mean age of the respondents was 50.66 (4.15) years. The prevalence of depression symptoms among the perimenopausal and postmenopausal women was 41.8%. Of all women, 23.2% were premenopausal and 56.9% were postmenopausal. The logistic regression analysis revealed that depression symptom development was 1.8 times higher in the perimenopausal-postmenopausal period than in the premenopausal period, 3.6 times higher among those with an event history affecting life in a negative way than among those without, and 2.0 times higher among those with a body mass index of 25 kg/m or higher than among those with a body mass index of less than 25 kg/m.
Conclusions: There is a high level of prevalence of depression symptoms in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.