Proto-oncogene HER2 (also known as erbB-2 or neu) plays an important role in the carcinogenesis and the prognosis of breast cancer. Many epidemiological studies have been conducted to explore the association between the HER2 Ile655Val polymorphism and breast cancer risk. However, inconsistency existed in the results. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of 27 published case-control studies including 11,504 cases and 12,538 controls. We assessed the strength of the association by crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and reached a result that HER2 Ile655Val polymorphism was associated with an increased breast cancer risk in overall populations (for Ile/Val vs. Ile/Ile: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.00-1.12, P = 0.07 for heterogeneity; for the dominant model Ile/Val + Val/Val vs. Ile/Ile: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.01-1.20, P = 0.01 for heterogeneity). In subgroup analysis by ethnicity, we found a significant association among Africans (for Val/Val vs. Ile/Ile: OR = .78, 95% CI = 1.94-39.72, P = 0.35 for heterogeneity; for the recessive model Val/Val vs. Ile/Val +Ile/Ile: OR = 8.60, 95% CI = 1.92-38.48, P = 0.31 for heterogeneity) and Asians (for Ile/Val vs. Ile/Ile: OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.01-1.39, P = 0.41 for heterogeneity; for the dominant model Val/Val + Ile/Val vs. Ile/Ile: OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.01-1.38, P = 0.27 for heterogeneity). In conclusion, our meta-analysis suggests that HER2 Ile 655Val polymorphism may contribute to breast cancer risk.