Acetone-regulated synthesis and degradation of cytochrome P450E1 and cytochrome P4502B1 in rat liver [corrected]

Eur J Biochem. 1991 Jun 1;198(2):383-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1991.tb16026.x.


The regulation of CYP2E1 and 2B1 was studied by following mRNA levels, catalytic activities and the subcellular distribution of the apoproteins in rat liver 0, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 96 h after a single intragastric dose of acetone. No changes were observed in hepatic CYP2E1 mRNA levels at any time after acetone treatment, whereas rapid rises were observed in the microsomal amount of CYP2E1 protein and CYP2E1-catalyzed 4-nitrophenol hydroxylase and carbon-tetrachloride-initiated lipid-peroxidation activities. However, CYP2E1-dependent catalytic activities declined much faster than the immunodetectable CYP2E1 protein, suggesting that this cytochrome P-450 is inactivated prior to degradation. Similar results were seen in primary hepatocyte cultures. By contrast, concomitant changes in levels of CYP2B1 and CYP2B1-dependent O-depentylation of pentoxyresorufin were observed in the same microsomal preparations. Investigation of the degradative mechanism of both CYP2E1 and CYP2B1 by immunoquantitation of the proteins in lysosomes and by immunohistochemistry indicated their degradation via an autophagic-lysosomal pathway. The data suggest that CYP2E1 is acutely inactivated in the endoplasmic reticulum and that degradation of this isozyme occurs, at least in part, by the lysosomal route. By contrast, CYP2B1 is principally controlled at the level of synthesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetone / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects
  • Kinetics
  • Leupeptins / pharmacology
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Liver / ultrastructure
  • Lysosomes / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Reference Values
  • Subcellular Fractions / drug effects
  • Subcellular Fractions / enzymology
  • Subcellular Fractions / ultrastructure


  • Leupeptins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Acetone
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System