Hsp104 is a ring-forming AAA+ machine that recognizes both aggregated proteins and prion-fibrils as substrates and, together with the Hsp70 system, remodels substrates in an ATP-dependent manner. Whereas the ability to disaggregate proteins is dependent on the Hsp104 M-domain, the location of the M-domain is controversial and its exact function remains unknown. Here we present cryoEM structures of two Hsp104 variants in both crosslinked and noncrosslinked form, in addition to the structure of a functional Hsp104 chimera harboring T4 lysozyme within the M-domain helix L2. Unexpectedly, we found that our Hsp104 chimera has gained function and can solubilize heat-aggregated beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) in the absence of the Hsp70 system. Our fitted structures confirm that the subunit arrangement of Hsp104 is similar to other AAA+ machines, and place the M-domains on the Hsp104 exterior, where they can potentially interact with large, aggregated proteins.