Susceptibility of Apodemus sylvaticus and A. agrarius to infection with Acanthocheilonema viteae was compared with that of hamsters and jirds. Microfilaremia in A. sylvaticus was first noted on day 52 post-infection (p.i.) and lasted during the course of the study (up to day 150 p.i.). Maximum microfilaremic levels (female worm basis) of A. sylvaticus [mean +/- S.D. (n) = 690 +/- 1288(6)] were considerably higher than those of hamsters [16 +/- 18(6)] and jirds [51 +/- 25(5)]. Adult worm recovery in A. sylvaticus ranged from 2 to 40% of the number of infective larvae inoculated. Worm development in A. sylvaticus resembled that in hamsters and jirds. In contrast, microfilaremia was not detected in, nor adult worms recovered from A. agrarius throughout the study.