Clinical evaluation of 3Mix and Vitapex as treatment options for pulpally involved primary molars

Int J Paediatr Dent. 2010 May;20(3):214-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01044.x.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic success of 3Mix and Vitapex((R)) for root canal treatment of pulpally involved primary molars.

Methods: Fifty teeth from 37 healthy children aged 3-8 years with pulpally involved primary molars needing root canal procedures were treated with 3Mix or Vitapex((R)) before restoration with stainless steel crowns. The research employed a prospective single-blinded randomized design. The subjects were followed up clinically and radiographically at 6 and 12 months, respectively. The outcome was compared using a Z-test with a significance level of 0.05.

Results: Both groups showed 100% and 96% clinical success at 6 and 12 months, respectively. At 6 months, radiographic success of 3Mix and Vitapex((R)) was 84% and 80%, respectively, and at 12 months, radiographic success of 3Mix and Vitapex((R)) was 76% and 56%, respectively. Considering the radiographic findings at the end of 6 and 12 months, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups (P = 0.356 and 0.068, respectively).

Conclusion: 3Mix and Vitapex((R)) can be used as a root canal treatment agent in pulpally involved primary teeth.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Calcium Hydroxide / chemistry
  • Calcium Hydroxide / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Ciprofloxacin / administration & dosage
  • Dental Pulp Necrosis / drug therapy
  • Dental Pulp Necrosis / surgery*
  • Drug Combinations
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Metronidazole / administration & dosage
  • Minocycline / administration & dosage
  • Molar
  • Ointments / administration & dosage
  • Ointments / chemistry
  • Polyethylene Glycols / administration & dosage
  • Propylene Glycol / administration & dosage
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiography
  • Root Canal Filling Materials / chemistry
  • Root Canal Filling Materials / therapeutic use*
  • Root Canal Therapy / methods*
  • Silicones / chemistry
  • Silicones / therapeutic use
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Tooth, Deciduous / drug effects
  • Tooth, Deciduous / surgery*
  • Tooth, Nonvital / diagnostic imaging
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • 3Mix ointment
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Drug Combinations
  • Ointments
  • Root Canal Filling Materials
  • Silicones
  • calcium hydroxide, iodoform, silicone oil drug combination
  • Metronidazole
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Propylene Glycol
  • Minocycline
  • Calcium Hydroxide