Aims: To describe the demographics of the paediatric RRT population in the UK and analyse changes in demographics with time.
Methods: Extraction and analysis of data from the UK Paediatric Renal Registry and the UK Renal Registry (UKRR).
Results: The UK paediatric established renal failure (ERF) population in December 2008 was 905 patients. The prevalence under the age of 16 years was 56 per million age related population (pmarp) and the incidence 7.4 pmarp. The incidence and prevalence for South Asian patients was much higher than that of the White and Black populations. Renal dysplasia was the most common cause of ERF accounting for 33% of prevalent cases. Diseases with autosomal recessive inheritance were a common cause of ERF in all ethnic groups, 23.5% of prevalent and 18% of incident cases. Whilst the incidence and prevalence of diseases with autosomal recessive inheritance in the South Asian population was 3 times that of the white population, this was not the sole reason for the increased proportion of South Asian patients with ERF, as diseases with no defined inheritance were twice as common in this ethnic group than in White patients. Prevalent mortality stood at 9.4%. Most deaths were in patients presenting with ERF early in life and mortality varied markedly according to the aetiology of ERF. The proportion with new grafts from living donors has steadily risen to 54%. Children from ethnic minority groups were less likely to have an allograft and living donation was less frequent in this population. For those on dialysis, 56% were receiving peritoneal dialysis. This was the main treatment modality for patients under 4 years of age.
Conclusions: The paediatric ERF population continued to expand slowly. Incidence and prevalence rates were stable and similar to other developed nations. The high incidence in patients from ethnic minority groups will lead to a greater proportion of the population being from these groups in time. To maintain the high proportion of engrafted patients it will be necessary to encourage living donation in the ethnic minority population. Case note analysis of the factors involved in mortality would be valuable.
(c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.